CARDIAC MUSCLE DISEASE
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic heart muscle disease in which the heart muscle thickens (spaces between heart chambers). However, a thickened heart muscle can also have a non-hereditary cause, due to long-term high blood pressure or intensive exercise (competition and Top-Class sport).
adults has signs
of HCM (by cardiovascular exam)
Possible signs and symptoms of HCM are:
Shortness of breath, problems by exercise and reduced endurance
Heart palpitations and chest pain
Cardiac arrhythmia: severe arrhythmia can sometimes cause dizziness, fainting and even sudden cardiac death
In the course of life
The thickeness of the heart muscle can develop slowly throughout life, usually in adulthood but sometimes from the age of 10 years. The symptoms vary from gene carrier to gene carrier: some may experience severe heart problems while others have no symptoms at all. In case of symptoms, it is important to discuss it with your GP so that a cardiovascular examination can be carried out.
according to signs and symptoms
Depending on symptoms, adequate medication can be prescribed.
ICD / Pacemaker
If there is a risk of dangerous cardiac arrhythmia, an ICD can be implemented.
In very severe cases, a VAD and/or heart transplant can be necessary.
HCM patients should avoid intensive stress (peak) and Top-Class sport.
An ultrasound of the heart provides a clear image and sound of the function and shape of the heart muscle and valves.
The MRI examination, which generates radio wave (magnetic) signals, provides a clear picture of the heart (chambers).
In an electrocardiogram, the electrical signals of the heartbeats are properly recorded and can be analyzed.
• Cardiovascular examination may also include a Holter monitor test and/or an exercise test/cycle test.
Discuss it with your GP or cardiologist
If you’re experiencing some signs and symptoms, or if other family members have been found to have a predisposition for the genetic heart disease HCM, please discuss it with your GP/cardiologist so that additional cardiovascular examination can be assessed.